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Given their position as a first point of criminal justice contact for many individuals with behavioral health needs, jails can facilitate a reduction in recidivism by implementing screening and assessment practices, said Albert Kopak, PhD, an associate professor in the Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Western Carolina University.
With methamphetamine and cocaine use on the rise across the U.S. and no medications as yet approved by the FDA, a combination of contingency management and community reinforcement is the most effective treatment modality for treating stimulant addiction, NIDA director Nora Volkow, MD, said in a Stimulant Summit keynote.
A recent study of mice found that acute sleep deprivation enhanced the rewarding properties of cocaine use and that blocking the neurons that regulate reward systems can reduce the effect and mitigate drug seeking.
Gateway Foundation executive director Sally Thoren discusses the organization's efforts to facilitate warm hand-offs of substance use disorder patients from emergency rooms to addiction treatment facilities, and the added challenges involved with stimulant-using patients.
A study of mice has revealed that brain cells previously thought of only as “glue” to hold neurons together also promote the formation of new synapses that contribute to addiction, creating a new potential area of focus in the treatment of substance use disorders.
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